Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy

 
 

What is a Myofunctional Disorder?

An orofacial myofunctional disorder (OMD) describes any irregularities in the form and function of the muscles or the face and mouth.

OMDs can occur through the lifespan and may present differently in different age groups. In young children, oral habits and/or difficulty with feeding, chewing, or speech production may be seen.

Children, adolescents, and adults symptoms may include:

- persisting food aversions

- mouth breathing

- tongue thrust swallow

- improper alignment/ posture

-improper jaw growth or malocclusion

-sleep disordered breathing/apnea

-impaired speech production

-facial pain

What causes OMDs?

-Prolonged oral habits(thumb/finger sucking, pacifier use)

-Airway obstruction either from enlarged tonsils/ adenoids

-Allergies

-Structural abnormalities such as tied oral tethers (including short lingual or labial frenulum)

-Narrow, high palate.